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Human Trafficking

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Human trafficking is defined as:

A crime involving the exploitation of someone for the purposes of compelled labor or a commercial sex act through the use of force, fraud, or coercion.

It is a fast growing criminal industry estimated at $32 billion dollars per year, and it happens right here in Nevada County. Nevada County is located near Sacramento, a major trafficking hub and is located near I-80 which is one way traffickers move victims from one location to another. Sex or labor trafficking victims can be women or men, adults or children, citizens or noncitizen.

An adult is sex trafficked when they are induced to perform commercial sex by means of force, fraud or coercion. However, where a person is younger than 18 years old and induced to perform a commercial sex act, it is a crime regardless of whether there is any force, fraud, or coercion.

In labor trafficking cases, the trafficker must also have used force, fraud, or coercion for it to be considered labor trafficking.

All services are free, confidential and non-discriminatory.

Who are the targets?


Victims of sex trafficking can be women or men, girls or boys, but the majority, at more than 80% of the victims, are women and girls.

  • There is not one consistent face of a trafficking victim. Trafficked persons in the US can be rich or poor, men or women, adults or children, foreign nationals or US citizens. Some are well-educated, while others have no formal education.

  • While anyone can become a victim of trafficking, certain populations are especially vulnerable. These may include: undocumented immigrants; runaways, homeless and other at-risk youth; and oppressed, marginalized, and/or impoverished groups and individuals. Traffickers specifically target individuals in these populations because they are vulnerable to recruitment tactics and methods of control.

The AMP Model:

The “Action-Means-Purpose” Model can be used to describe the elements of human trafficking. Cases that are considered human trafficking involve three elements:

  1. Action (recruiting, harboring, transporting, providing or obtaining of an individual)

  2. Through Means (force, fraud, coercion)

  3. Purpose (compelled labor/services or commercial sex act(s)

Community Beyond Violence offers a wide array of services for victims including: emergency shelter, confidential safe house, one on one therapy, support groups, social service advocacy and accompaniment as well as immigration visa advocacy.

Often victims of labor or sex trafficking or other forms of exploitation do not see themselves as victims, which can make it challenging to offer them assistance and provide services. You, as an informed citizen, may be someone’s only hope of escape. Know the signs, learn to ask questions, and respond when you suspect trafficking or exploitation.

We are here for you!

  • Our certified and compassionate advocates are here 24/7 for survivors, family and friends.

    • 24 Hour Crisis Line: (530) 272-3467​

    • Web Chat - Click here!

    • Text - (530) 290-6555

    • Client Service Center -1020 McCourtney Rd., Suite C, Grass Valley, CA 95949

      • Hours M-F 9:00 am - 5:00pm ​

To report a tip or get help:


  • National Human Trafficking Resource Center’s 24 hour  hotline -  1-888-3737-888

  • Nevada County Sheriff Department at  (530) 265-1471

Other Resources:

Trafficking Victim’s Protection Act

National Human Trafficking Resource Center

U.S. Department of Homeland Security

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services

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